Therefore, this theory has historical significance in gerontology. In relation to my individual, when they reach the Elderly life stage they will probably stay active and socialize with other individuals instead of hiding away as they are a confident person with a large group of friends and family members around them to keep them interacting.
Older people have been expected to adjust to the reification of age into convenient social categories for the purposes of resource distribution and rationing.
Aging is a disease that reaches all of us, but its symptoms can be postponed with the proper combination of diet, supplementation and exercise. Hearing deterioration results in the failure to hear high-pitched sounds.
Also it is associated which cardiovascular disease it causes the arteries to harden and narrowdamage to the respiratory system especially the lungs in the form of COPD and emphysema and also damage to the skin.
The critics of this theory state that it overlooks the inequalities in health and economics that hinders the ability for older people to engage in such activities. The large population has become a problem for society, as we have not created channels for productive use of leisure time and means for old people to meet their own needs successfully.
Cognitive Theory A view of aging that emphasizes individual subjective perception, rather than actual objective change itself, as the factor that determines behavior associated with advanced age. In her study it showed that even though she had people within similar cultural and life experiences groups, there were variations in how those people experienced later life.
The fatty deposits which might build up in the arteries could break away which might result in one of the important arteries becoming blocked which can result in coronary heart disease where the victim will have the symptoms such as breathlessness and chest pain.
According to this theory, older adults try to maintain this continuity of lifestyle by adapting strategies that are connected to their past experiences. However, there are psychologists who have observed some common patterns.
Also, their bones become less dense which means they are more likely to fracture. The other two psychosocial theories are the disengagement theory, with which the continuity theory comes to odds, and the activity theory upon which the continuity theory modifies and elaborates.
Many suffer from poverty; isolation, and no productivity. Also, their muscles will start to become weaker. The other two major psychosocial theories are the activity theory and the continuity theory, and the disengagement theory comes to odds with both.
Continuity theory This theory of normal aging states that older adults will usually maintain the same activities, behaviors, personalities, and relationships as they did in their earlier years of life.
Activity theory reflects the functionalist perspective that the equilibrium that an individual develops in middle age should be maintained in later years. The continuity theory is one of six major psychosocial theories which describe how people develop in old age.
Ego integrity comprises an individual making sense of their life. The major criticism for the theory is its definition of normal aging. Therefore holding onto a clear but also meaningful sense of who they are which basically shows that those who have a sense of ego integrity are just individuals in old age trying to protect and keep their independence.
Many elderly people are healthy, vital, and in good financial circumstances.
The disengagement theory is one of three major psychosocial theories which describe how people develop in old age. On the other hand, improvements in health care and the quality of life have made it possible for people to live longer.
Psychological changes of Ageing It is hard to generalise the psychological changes that are associated with ageing as each individual is psychologically different, their experiences are unique.
The theory distinguishes normal aging from pathological aging, neglecting the older adults with chronic illness.
The theory claims that it is natural and acceptable for older adults to withdraw from society. Housing an Aging Society: Disengagement theory The theory was formulated by Cumming and Henry in in the book Growing Old, and it was the first theory of aging that social scientists developed.
However, Feminist theories attack the continuity theory for defining normal aging around a male model. When concluding her study, Heim advocated that confidence in participating in practical tasks decreases in old age, however social confidence increases.
One weakness of the theory is that it fails to demonstrate how social institutions impact the individuals and the way they age. Also, there are day centres that provide a social setting where the elderly can socialise with others and meet some of the health authorities that assist with physiotherapy and various other health needs.
On the whole, our society is ill prepared to cope with the increasing number of older people. The activity theory is one of three major psychosocial theories which describe how people develop in old age.
When a person ages, their skins become thinner, less elastic and an obvious sign; they wrinkle. Unlike the other two theories, the continuity theory uses a life course perspective to define normal aging. Also, some older adults do not desire to engage in new challenges.
One theorist suggests that activity enables older adults to be able to adjust to retirement.Interview Assignment a Person 65 or Older: Aging Theories (Essay Sample) Instructions: in her life have contributed to who she is as a mature woman and below is the discussion of her responses regarding the continuity theory of normal aging.
Explain the theories of aging Ageing is the changes in a person over time. Ageing in humans refers to a multidimensional process of physical, psychological, and social change. Ageing in humans refers to a multidimensional process of physical, psychological, and social change.
Theory of aging Ageing or aging is the process of getting older. Age is commonly taken into account in social interaction and age differentiation is commonly a basis for allocating social roles and resources. From Vaillant’s aging well, to Erikson’s life stages, to Leont’ev’s activity theory, there is a lot to learn and to understand.
For the purpose of this paper, I am going to focus on the Activity Theory of aging. Writing; Theories of Aging Essay; Theories of Aging Essay. Words Jun 20th, 7 Pages. Lifestage Development Theories of Ageing For this part of the assignment I am going to be describing two theories of ageing.
Firstly I will be describing the Disengagement theory and then the Activity theory. Continuity Theory of Adult Aging Essay. Ageing is the changes in a person over time. Ageing in humans refers to a multidimensional process of physical, psychological, and social change. Population ageing is the increase in the number and proportion of older people in society.
Population ageing has three possible causes: migration, longer life expectancy, and decreased birth rate.Download