They overfeed the dogs and then starve them when the food runs out. He submitted a query letter to the San Francisco Bulletin proposing a story about his Alaskan adventure, but the idea was rejected because, as the editor told him, "Interest in Alaska has subsided in an amazing degree.
When Francois and Perrault reach Dawson with their dispatches, and are given new orders from the Canadian government, the team is then sold to a "Scottish half-breed" man, who is also working the mail service.
In the first part, Buck experiences violence and struggles for survival; in the second part, he proves Recommendations for london calling a leader of the pack; the third part brings him to his death symbolically and almost literally ; and in the fourth and final part, he undergoes rebirth.
They were successful in staking claims to eight gold mines along the Stewart River. Later, he said of the experience: After some argument, the trio leaves and tries to cross the river, but as Thornton warned, the ice breaks, and the three fall into the river and drown, along with the sled and neglected dogs.
The Call of the Wild falls into the genre of animal fiction, in which an animal is anthropomorphized and given human traits. Buck eventually beats Spitz in a fight.
Spitz is killed by the pack after his defeat by Buck, and Buck eventually becomes the leader of the team. However, Buck returns to the campsite to find Hans and Pete murdered, then sees John Thornton has suffered the same fate. In The Call of the Wild, London intensifies and adds layers of meaning that are lacking in these stories.
London presents the motif simply, clearly, and powerfully in the story, a motif later echoed by 20th century American writers William Faulkner and Ernest Hemingway most notably in " Big Two-Hearted River ".
Genre[ edit ] Buck proves himself as leader of the pack when he fights Spitz "to the death". Expecting to write a short story, London explains: Buck, raised as a pet, is by heredity a wolf. He learns that in a world where the "club and the fang" are law, where the law of the pack rules and a good-natured dog such as Curly can be torn to pieces by pack members, that survival by whatever means is paramount.
The dogs must carry heavy loads to the mining areas, and the journeys they make are tiresome and long. After Buck is beaten by Hal, Thornton recognizes him to be a remarkable dog. Using his winnings, John Thornton retires his debts, but elects to continue searching for gold.
Buck wins the fight, then finds that the same timber wolf he had socialized with was in the pack he fought. A rivalry develops between Buck and the vicious, quarrelsome lead dog, Spitz.
A king of the Skookum Benches offers a large sum to buy Buck, but Thornton has grown fond of him and declines. Background[ edit ] Miners carry gear up the Chilkoot Pass to reach the Klondike California native Jack London had traveled around the United States as a hoboreturned to California to finish high school he dropped out at age 14and spent a year in college at Berkeleywhen in he went to the Klondike by way of Alaska during the height of the Klondike Gold Rush.
The format of the story is divided into four distinct parts, according to Labor. London places Buck in conflict with humans, in conflict with the other dogs, and in conflict with his environment—all of which he must challenge, survive, and conquer.
Buck comes out of the backwoods once a year on the anniversary of his attack on the Yeehats, at the former campsite where he was last with John Thornton, Hans and Pete, in order to mourn their deaths. In the story, London attributes human thoughts and insights to Buck, so much so that when the story was published he was accused of being a nature faker for attributing "unnatural" feelings to a dog.
Exhausted, starving, and sensing the danger ahead, Buck refuses and continues to lie unmoving in the snow. Summary[ edit ] The story opens with Buck, a large and powerful St.
One of the team, a morose husky named Dave, becomes sick and is eventually shot.
From his teammates, he quickly learns to survive cold winter nights and the pack society. When his gums began to swell he decided to return to California.
Horses were replaced with dogs as pack animals to transport material over the pass;  particularly strong dogs with thick fur were "much desired, scarce and high in price".
They struggle to control the sled and ignore helpful advice from others, in particular the warnings that the spring melt poses dangers. When released, he attacks his overseer, known only as the "man in the red sweater" but this man teaches the "law of the club", hitting Buck until he is sufficiently cowed but the man shows some kindness after Buck stops.
Buck then follows the wolf and its pack into the forest, and answers the call of the wild. Put in a crate, he is starved and ill-treated.
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They have also contributed to the pos. The Call of the Wild is a short adventure novel by Jack London published in and set in Yukon, Canada, during the s Klondike Gold Rush, when strong sled dogs were in high demand. The central character of the novel is a dog named Buck.
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